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    Filter Diseases & Condition

    Acute sinusitis

    • Overview

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      It’s called acute sinusitis, when the spaces inside your nose (sinuses) become inflamed and swollen. This can cause mucus to build up and interfere with drainage, making it hard to breathe through your nose. You may also experience swelling around your eyes and face, throbbing facial pain, or a headache.

      The common cold usually causes acute sinusitis and resolves within a week to 10 days without medical treatment. Home remedies can be effective in treating acute sinusitis. However, it may be considered chronic sinusitis if symptoms persist for over 12 weeks despite medical treatment.

    • Symptoms

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      If you’re experiencing acute sinusitis, you may notice the following signs and symptoms:
      Thick mucus that’s yellow or greenish, which could be running from your nose or down the back of your throat
      A blocked or stuffy nose, making it difficult to breathe through your nose
      Pain, tenderness, swelling, and pressure around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead, which may worsen when bending over

      Other potential signs and symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
      Ear pressure
      Headache
      Aching in your teeth
      Altered sense of smell
      Cough
      Bad breath
      Fatigue
      Fever

    • When to see a doctor

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      If you have acute sinusitis, visiting a doctor is generally unnecessary. However, you should reach out to your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:

      Symptoms that persist for over a week or seem to be getting worse after improving
      A continuous fever
      A history of recurrent or chronic sinusitis

      You should seek immediate medical attention if you notice any signs or symptoms that may indicate a severe infection, such as:

      Pain, swelling, or redness around your eyes
      High fever
      Confusion
      Double vision or other changes in vision
      Stiff neck

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    • Causes

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      The common cold, an infection with a virus, most often causes acute sinusitis. In some cases, a disease with bacteria develops.

    • Risk factors

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      If you have hay fever or another allergy that affects your sinuses, a common cold that affects your sinuses, a nasal passage abnormality like a deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps or tumours, a medical condition like cystic fibrosis or an immune system disorder such as HIV/AIDS, or have been exposed to smoke, either through smoking or secondhand smoke exposure, your risk of getting sinusitis may increase.

    • Prevention

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      Here are some steps you can take to lower your chances of getting acute sinusitis:

      Steer clear of people who have upper respiratory infections or other illnesses.
      Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially before eating.
      Work with your doctor to manage your allergies and keep symptoms in check.
      Avoid breathing in cigarette smoke and polluted air, irritating your lungs and nasal passages.
      Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air in your home if it’s dry due to forced-air heat. Just keep the humidifier clean and free of mould with regular cleaning.

    • *Please note that the information provided in the article is for reference purposes only. It is essential to consult a doctor before applying any of the suggestions mentioned.

    Content Details

    Medical info from Mayo Clinic, for reference only. Visit Hoan My for better advice.

    Last updated on: 07/08/2023