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Diseases & Conditions

Easy-to-understand answers about diseases and conditions

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  • Gallbladder cancer

    The growth of abnormal cells in the gallbladder is known as gallbladder cancer. Situated just below the liver on the right side of your abdomen, the gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ responsible for storing bile, a digestive fluid produced by the liver. Although uncommon, gallbladder cancer can be effectively cured when detected early. Unfortunately, most cases are identified late, resulting in a poor prognosis. Often, no specific signs or symptoms are associated with gallbladder cancer, making it difficult to detect. Furthermore, the gallbladder’s relatively hidden location makes it easier for the tumour to grow unnoticed.

  • Gallstones

    Gallstones are solidified deposits of digestive fluid that may form in the gallbladder, a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of the abdomen, right beneath the liver. Bile, a digestive fluid, is stored in the gallbladder and released into the small intestine. Gallstones can vary from tiny to significant as a golf ball. While some people develop only one gallstone, others may develop multiple gallstones simultaneously. If symptoms arise, individuals must undergo surgery to remove the gallbladder. However, gallstones that do not cause signs or symptoms typically do not require medical intervention.

  • Galactorrhea

    Galactorrhea (guh-lack-toe-REE-uh) refers to a milky discharge from the nipples that isn’t related to the normal milk production during breastfeeding. While galactorrhea isn’t a disease on its own, it may indicate an underlying issue. Although it’s more common in women, even those who haven’t given birth or are postmenopausal, it can also occur in men and infants. Several factors can contribute to galactorrhea, including excessive breast stimulation, medication side effects, or disorders of the pituitary gland. Frequently, elevated levels of prolactin, a hormone responsible for milk production, lead to galactorrhea. In some cases, the cause of galactorrhea remains unclear, and the condition may resolve spontaneously over time.