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    Diseases & Conditions

    Easy-to-understand answers about diseases and conditions

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    • Jet lag disorder

      When you travel across multiple time zones quickly, you may experience jet lag, also known as jet lag disorder. This temporary sleep issue affects anyone. Your body has an internal clock called circadian rhythms, which signals when to stay awake and sleep. Jet lag occurs because your internal clock remains synced to your original time zone and is not adjusted to the new time zone of your destination. The more time zones you cross, you will likely experience jet lag. Jet lag may cause daytime fatigue, sickness, difficulty staying alert, and stomach problems. However, there are steps you can take to help prevent or reduce the effects of jet lag, making your vacation or business trip more comfortable.

    • Jellyfish stings

      It is common for people swimming, wading or diving in oceans to experience jellyfish stings. These stings are caused by the long tentacles trailing from the jellyfish, which can inject venom from thousands of microscopic barbed stingers. The stings usually cause immediate pain and inflamed marks on the skin, while some may even lead to systemic illness. In rare cases, they can be life-threatening. However, most jellyfish stings can be treated at home and improve within a few days or weeks. But if a severe reaction occurs, immediate medical attention is necessary.

    • Jaw tumors and cysts

      Jaw tumors and cysts are uncommon formations or lesions that arise within the jawbone or the soft tissues of the mouth and facial region. These growths, categorized as odontogenic or nonodontogenic based on their origin, can exhibit diverse sizes and degrees of severity. Although typically benign, jaw tumors and cysts have the potential to be locally aggressive, leading to bone, tissue, and teeth displacement or destruction. The approach to treating jaw tumors and cysts depends on factors like the specific type of growth, its developmental stage, and the associated symptoms. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons specializing in mouth, jaw, and facial conditions can address these issues through surgical intervention, medical therapy, or a combination thereof, tailored to the individual case. Their expertise ensures effective management and potentially includes surgical removal, medical treatment, or a strategic blend of both modalities.