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Prima Medical Center Saigon, Diabetic, Glaucoma, Retina

Retinal Diseases

26 August, 2023

Retinal disease is one of the most common diseases in the elderly. However, for some people, this pathology is still a rather foreign concept and most patients do not pay much attention to.

Prima Saigon: Retinal Diseases

Prima Saigon: Retinal Diseases

Currently in Vietnam, fundus disease is the leading cause of blindness. The delay in detecting this pathology has made treatment much more expensive and difficult. Diseases tend to increase day by day and are a danger to patients, causing harm not only to health but also to economy and society.

1. What is fundus disease?

Fundus is a general medical term aimed at accurately zoning the position of two closely related structures deep in the eyeball, the vitreous & retina.

* Vitreous (crystal body): It is a clear, dense fluid that occupies most of the inner space of the eye.

The retina is a layer of light-sensitive nerves lining the inner surface of the eyeball, responsible for receiving and transmitting optical signals to the brain. The retina has a very important point in the center, the macula, which helps the eyes to see the details of the image clearly.

Diseases arising in the vitreous cavity or on the retina are often classified as fundus diseases.

2. Signs to recognize fundus disease

People with fundus disease often have manifestations such as seeing black spots in front of the eyes, loss of color perception, sudden blurred vision, blurred spots in the center of the image or distorted, distorted images. Symptoms are often sudden and worsen rapidly.

Up to 45% of patients with disease in one eye will have a second eye within 3 to 4 years.

The way to detect the disease at the earliest is to have regular check-ups and periodic eye health check-ups. Some of the following cases need periodic eye exams:

  • People with relatives with diabetes
  • People with diabetes
  • People with high blood pressure
  • People with diseases and refractive errors in the eyes
  • People with obesity, hyperlipidemia, smokers

3. Common eye diseases

  • Vitreous hemorrhage
  • Diabetic retina
  • Retinal tear or detachment
  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Uveitis (black retina)
  • Preretinal membrane, macular hole
  • Retinal vein or artery occlusion
  • Degeneration of the retina, vitreous (crystal opacities)

4. Treatments

Fundus disease is treated by methods such as: laser retinal photocoagulation, injection, anti-inflammatory drugs, surgery …

5. Treatment modalities

♦ Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy is used in cases of tearing eyes, retinal detachment Absolute Glaucoma (the final stage of some vitreous-retinal pathologies)

♦ Retinal Optical Laser

Used in cases of retinal tear, vitreous hemorrhage, focal retinal detachment, diabetic retina, retinal vein occlusion.

♦ Internal Medicine

Intraocular injection is the most advanced procedure available today and the results are proven. Some popular drugs today Avastin, Lucentis, Ozurdex …


  • Sclerotherapy helps to treat retinal detachment
  • Vitrectomy is an effective method for most types of fundus diseases, should only be performed by specialized doctors and at large units/hospitals.

⇒ Note:

  1. It is necessary to visit and check the eyes periodically at the ophthalmologist when detecting abnormal signs.
  2. Detect
  3. Periodic eye examination at ophthalmologists when detecting abnormal signs
  4. Timely detection of fundus disease will improve treatment efficiency
  5. Proper and timely treatment will preserve vision and avoid the risk of blindness.

Our Retinal Care Team:

If you need an retinal eye assessment, please have a visit to Prima Medical Center Saigon:

  • Address: 27 Ky Dong St, District 3, HCMC
  • Website: https://primahealth.vn/en/
  • Business Hours: 07:30 – 17:00 from Monday – Saturday
  • HOTLINE: 0919-209-039 or 1900 – 9115