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    Diabetic, Cataract, Prima Medical Center Saigon

    Diabetes & Eye Disorders Causing Blindness

    14 August, 2023

    Premature eye aging

    Diabetes (also known as diabetes) is a hazardous disease because it causes many complications, and it is estimated that up to 90% of people with diabetes have eye complications.

    Diabetes & Eye Disorders Causing Blindness

    Complications of diabetes occur mainly due to one primary cause: hyperglycemia and uncontrolled blood sugar. High blood sugar affects the large and small blood vessels. Patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of eye complications, causing patients to decline vision, if not detected and treated promptly rapidly, may lose sight completely.

    1. Common eye complications of people with diabetes

    Increased intraocular pressure

    People with diabetes have a 40% higher risk of developing glaucoma than those without diabetes. The longer you have diabetes, the more likely you are to develop glaucoma. Glaucoma occurs when pressure builds up in the eye. In most cases, the stress slows down the drainage system, causing fluid to accumulate in the anterior chamber. The pressure compresses the vessels carrying blood to the retina and optic nerve. Vision is gradually lost due to damage to the retina and nerves.

    Cataract

    Cataracts that form with diabetes often occur because of excess sorbitol (a type of sugar formed from glucose), including lens deposits. Cataracts progress rapidly, causing visual impairment, blurring, and glare. People with diabetes with cataracts can still be treated to restore vision by surgically replacing the artificial lens.

    Diabetic retinopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy occurs due to damage to the blood vessels in the eye’s retina. High blood sugar causes the capillary system at the bottom of the eye to be damaged, and gradually the vision of people with diabetes may be impaired or worse. May lead to blindness. This complication is dangerous and complicated, causing macular edema, vitreous hemorrhage, and retinal detachment.

    2. What can be done to prevent complications from diabetes?

    Early detection and prompt treatment of diabetes complications.

    Regular screening for diabetic retinopathy complications, an average of once a year fundus examination to control complications promptly.

    It is limiting risk factors that increase the likelihood of complications such as blood fat, high blood pressure, etc.

    Follow a healthy diet and exercise regimen for people with diabetes.

    Always control your blood sugar as directed by your GP.

    Our Ophthalmology Care Team:

    If you have any eye problems, please contact Prima Medical Center Saigon:

    • Address: 27 Ky Dong St, Ward 9, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City
    • Website: https://primahealth.vn/en/   
    • Business Hours: 07:30 – 17:00 from Monday – Saturday
    • HOTLINE : 0919-209-039 or 1900 – 9115